Symptoms of MS can vary, but many common symptoms are related to nerve damage or demyelination. This can cause a variety of problems, including difficulty walking, muscle weakness, and numbness. These symptoms can also be a symptom of another condition, so you should see your doctor for a complete diagnosis.
MS can also cause a lowered quality of life, as well as a shortened lifespan. While MS is not curable, there are several medications that can help alleviate the symptoms. In addition, you may need to take part in occupational and speech therapy. These therapies can help you with daily tasks, including swallowing and thinking.
Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy, which can help you increase your energy levels and improve your physical functioning. You may also need assistive devices, such as wheelchairs or canes. These devices can help you get around, and they can also reduce your risk of falling.
Another way to diagnose MS is through an MRI. An MRI uses large magnets and sound waves to detect active lesions in the brain and spinal cord. These scans can also detect scars and plaques that have been formed due to MS.
A spinal tap, or cerebrospinal fluid analysis, can also be performed to look for signs of an infection or other problems. The fluid can be analyzed to see if there are oligoclonal bands or cellular abnormalities.
Seizures are also a common symptom of MS. These occur in about two to five percent of people with MS.