This fact was first revealed in 1990 by Amartya Sen in the New York Review of Books. At that time, there were 927 women for every thousand men. Since then, two censuses have been conducted – NFHS-3 in 2005-06 and NFHS-4 in 2015-16. In both of these censuses, the sex ratio is skewed towards women.
A recent survey by the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) has shown that there are more women than men in India. The results of the survey suggest that India has more women than men – about 1200 girls for every 1,000 boys. But this figure is far from a definitive one. The survey’s margin of error is much larger, particularly among smaller religious groups. But in general, the findings point to a steadily improving sex ratio.
While sex inequality remains a problem in many parts of the country, the trend is getting better. In the last five years, the NFHS data suggests that there are more women than men in India. While the ratio of women to men is still 929 to one, this has improved. This increase is a milestone in a country that has faced many societal and economic challenges in the past. In 1990, Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen outlined the plight of missing women in the country. At the time, female infanticide were widespread.
NFHS data is based on de facto enumerations, which takes into account the number of males and females in a household on the last night of the survey. This method does not have the statistical accuracy needed to produce accurate sex ratio estimates for India. Moreover, the sex ratio estimates are not based on an essential framework for demographics, which is census data.
The NFHS does not generate reliable sex ratio estimates for India, as the sample size is much smaller in a Union Territory. In addition, the data is often decontextualised, which makes it difficult to make comparisons between different NFHS rounds. This makes it difficult to derive reliable sex ratio estimates for India. The poor data quality of the NFHS also hinders the use of sex ratio estimates in policymaking in India.
The NFHS is a national survey designed to provide reliable health data to the Indian Ministry of Health. The data are based on surveys of a random sample of the country’s population. However, it is not as reliable as census data, and sampling error is larger in some religious communities. NFHS estimates of national sex ratio at birth have a margin of error of plus or minus one boy for every 100 girls.
The NFHS is a survey conducted in India every four years. It covers population, family welfare, nutrition, and child health. It includes data from 14 states and union territories. Currently, there is no disaggregated analysis of the data because the government does not release it at a state level. Nevertheless, the government has released data for key indicators in the states.
The average educational attainment of boys and girls in India is similar according to data collected from the National Achievement Survey (NAS). The average test scores of boys and girls in mathematics and science are nearly the same. The maximum gap in the performance in one subject is rarely more than a percentage point. This gap is exacerbated by cultural norms and biological factors that affect girls’ ability to reach higher education. Girls’ education is essential for ensuring equality in society.
Gender inequality is a major problem in India and needs to be addressed. Nearly ten million female babies have been aborted in the past two decades in India alone. In the home, girls are expected to look after the household and perform domestic tasks to prepare for marriage. As a result, the education of boys is often valued more than that of girls. However, a girl’s education can help her develop as a person and as a future mother.
Gender inequality is a serious problem in India, and we need to make concerted efforts to end this societal problem. While affirmative action and increasing representation for women are great steps in this direction, there needs to be a fundamental shift in attitudes and cultural values for women to be treated equally. Education can start by helping Indian girls become aware of their rights and equal opportunities. Education will ultimately be the key to ending patriarchy in India.