Overweight and self-conscious 31-year-old Leigh Aiple paid more than $35,000 for a plastic surgery package in Malaysia.
- Inquest hears Leigh Aiple should not have undergone so many surgeries
- Mother says she could see "gaping holes" in her son's body the day of his arrival back in Australia
- President of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons says doctors should have treated Mr Aiple as "high-risk"
Less than 24 hours after he flew back to Melbourne, he was dead.
At the request of his grieving mother, Grace Westworth, a Victorian coroner investigated the care and treatment Mr Aiple received at the Beverly Wilshire Clinic in Kuala Lumpur, and found it fell well below Australian standards.
"I don't want anyone else to risk it," Ms Westworth told the ABC.
"It was totally dangerous. He was high-risk and they didn't stop."
Coroner Caitlin English found the case illustrated the need for people to be aware of the risks they are taking when they travel overseas for medical treatment.
"The Australian medical tourist will not necessarily be aware of the difference in standards of medical practice and management of patient care," she said.
'Life-changing' surgery turned into a nightmare
New Zealand-based medical travel agency Gorgeous Getaways advertised the Malaysian clinic as "a boutique medical centre" with "highly skilled specialists".
Mr Aiple wanted the extreme makeover to be life-changing.
In 2014, he underwent two marathon surgeries at the clinic in the space of five days.
He had a 360 degree tummy tuck, extensive liposuction, an upper eye lift, a chin tuck, a thigh lift, chest sculpting and lip filler, with the first surgery alone lasting between 8-10 hours.
"He couldn't move, he couldn't stand or roll out of bed after the first surgery," Ms Westworth said.
In emails to his mother, Mr Aiple complained of being short of breath, a rapid heartbeat, and fainting spells.
"He told me he was vomiting and his heart was rapidly beating," Ms Westworth said.
Yet five days later, he was given the all clear to fly home after his wounds, which had burst open, were treated.
"He came off that plane in a wheelchair, I said: 'How are you Leigh?' He said: 'Horrid — I am in so much pain, I can't describe the pain'," she said.
"When I saw the gaping holes I couldn't believe what I was seeing. I could see inside."
Ms Westworth found her son collapsed in his bedroom the next morning. He died a short time later.
Surgery 'would never have been carried out' in Australia
The president of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons and former head of plastic surgery at the Royal Melbourne Hospital, Professor Mark Ashton, reviewed the treatment and care Mr Aiple received in Malaysia for the coronial investigation.
He said the multiple surgeries Mr Aiple had would never have been performed in Australia, and the care he received afterwards was grossly inadequate.
The Coroner's report states Mr Aiple had several open wounds that were oozing fluid, and carers found him in pain in his hotel room, with his bedsheets covered in blood.
Professor Ashton told the coroner Mr Aiple would have been treated as a "high-risk" patient in Australia, not as a moderate risk as noted by the Malaysian surgeon, Dr Nasir Zahari, due to being 124 kilograms and morbidly obese.
The review also noted the level of anti-blood clotting treatment administrated was below Australia's recommended levels.
Mr Aiple died from deep vein thrombosis, a blood clot in his lung, often associated with flying.
However, Professor Ashton noted the autopsy showed the clots had occurred weeks before his plane trip, while he was at the clinic.
'You are taking a bet,' surgeon says
It is estimated 15,000 Australians each year travel overseas for cosmetic and dental work.
The drawcard for most is the cost of overseas surgery is cheap. Mr Aiple paid an estimated third of what it would have cost him in Australia.
"The obvious question how much is your life worth. Leigh was only 31 and he is dead," Professor Ashton said.
Professor Ashton said there was no regulation of medical tourism, with bundle packages designed for patients to have maximum surgeries in the shortest period of time, irrespective of risk.
"Having surgery overseas comes with significant risk as it comes with no guarantee as to the standard of care you will receive," Professor Ashton said.
He said there was no such thing as international standards, despite what was advertised.
"You are taking a bet. There is no such thing as an international standard," Professor Ashton said.
"When you go to these clinics they all look professional and when you try to research the standard of care and the level of expertise they have it's very difficult to find out."
He said surgeries were often done "sight unseen", as in Mr Aiple's case, where he only had one consultation with the surgeon five days before his surgery.
In Australia, a surgeon would require up to four pre-surgery consultations.
Companies put profit over patient safety
Emily Hart, a medical negligence lawyer with Maurice Blackburn, said other people contemplating cosmetic surgery overseas could learn from Mr Aiple's death.
"The standards in Malaysia were met in this case, but they come nowhere near the standards here in Australia," Ms Hart said.
"These companies are putting profit over patient safety."
Professor Ashton said patients who had endured "botched" operations returned to Australia to have fix-ups, often at the expense of the public purse.
"We see three or four a month in Melbourne, but in Perth and Brisbane it's more," Professor Ashton said.
In a recent case a 19-year-old lost a breast and a nipple after having botched surgery overseas.
The coroner has recommended Victoria's Chief Health Officer publish a health advisory warning medical tourism patients that overseas standards of care can differ to medical care in Australia.
Gorgeous Getaways still advertises surgery packages at the Beverly Wiltshire Clinic — both have been contacted for comment.
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