Children who grow up speaking a language other than English are outperforming native English speakers in spelling in some states, the 2017 national school assessment report card shows.
- Migrant children top the nation in Year 3 spelling
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children improved their NAPLAN results significantly over the past 10 years
- Federal Education Minister says overall decline in writing and reading scores as a "wake-up call"
The literacy achievement of primary school students who speak languages other than English is the surprising success story to emerge from this year's NAPLAN results.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students are also standout performers in reading and maths improvement over the past decade.
But this year's national picture is mixed, and the Federal Government has described an overall decline in writing and reading scores as a "wake-up call".
Hundreds of children begin their first year of primary school in Australia speaking limited English, and in some cases no English at all.
But by Year 3 they are outperforming native English speakers in spelling in New South Wales and Tasmania.
In most other states children with a language background other than English are performing on par with native English speakers.
Fairfield, in Sydney's south-west is a melting pot of diverse cultures. A local Catholic school, Our Lady of the Rosary, welcomes about 90 students into kindergarten each year.
For almost all of those children, English is a second language.
Despite the challenges, it is among about 40 schools nationwide that have been identified as making the biggest gains in literacy and numeracy achievement.
The school said it scored above the state and national averages in spelling, and has been consistently above state and national averages over the past five years in Years 3, 5 and 7 NAPLAN spelling.
"We've got children who are very, very willing and ready to learn," school principal Brother Nicholas Harsas said.
"It's wonderful to see them coming into school with little or no English, and then 12 months later how far they've come."
Kindergarten teacher Julianna Merhi puts the results down to explicit phonics instruction in the early years of school.
"Because a lot of the children do come to us with limited language, building letter and sound correlation is very important," Ms Merhi said.
Indigenous students closing the education gap
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children improved their NAPLAN results significantly during the past decade.
In 2008, only 63.4 per cent of Aboriginal students in Year 5 were meeting the minimum national benchmark in reading. Now, that figure has jumped to 75.5 per cent.
However, it still lags well behind the non-Indigenous figure of 95 per cent.
Marrara Christian College in Darwin educates children from remote areas.
The school has made impressive gains in literacy in recent years, with a high proportion of its students achieving in the top bands for reading.
Principal Andrew Manning said the school partnered with about 100 families across the Top End, and the progress of students had been encouraging.
"It's a product of years of work," Mr Manning said. "It's exciting to see a much longer-term picture beginning to bear fruit."
National picture remains patchy
Federal Education Minister Simon Birmingham said the NAPLAN results across the nation "should serve as a warning to educators and policy makers".
Writing scores have declined on average and reading gains have flatlined among high school students.
There are also stark differences between boys' and girls' literacy results, with girls outperforming boys by a sizeable margin.
Nationally 93.8 per cent of girls are achieving at national minimum standards in reading, compared to 89.6 per cent of boys.
"We know how vital literacy skills are to setting students up for life beyond school, so the decline in writing scores and the flatlining of reading results should act as a wake-up call that some changes are required," Mr Birmingham said.
High school students less civic-minded
The Civics and Citizenship survey measures students' attitudes towards governments, elections, police and the media, as well as attitudes towards Indigenous cultures. It also gauges student engagement in volunteer and charity work.
It found 55 per cent of Year 6 students met minimum standards in civic awareness, but it dropped to 38 per cent in Year 10.
The Civics and Citizenship report by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) found the number of students meeting proficient standards for civic awareness had declined six points since the last survey three years ago.
For Mr Birmingham, that was disturbing.
"These results are woeful and should be of serious concern," he said.
"They are a stark reminder of the need to ensure our schools are giving students the opportunity and support to learn and expand their knowledge base across the entire spectrum of the curriculum.
"Whilst a strong focus on reading, writing and STEM subjects in our schools is obviously essential, students also need to learn the fundamentals to be able to fully participate and contribute to Australian society."
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